Girls are powerful, both for what they contribute to their families and communities in their youth, and for their unlimited potential as mature women. Equipped with the proper resources, women have the power to help their own families and entire communities overcome poverty. An educated girl is likely to delay her marriage, child bearing and is also less vulnerable to diseases like HIV/ AIDS. Hence as civil society organizations we all have to look forward to and invest more in girls’ development initiatives.
Books and Initiatives
Girls' Success: Mentoring Guide for Life Skills
This guide discusses mentoring girls to help them develop important life skills. Some of the topics covered include healthy living, inner strength, making good choices, reproductive health, and sexuality. The guide provides discussion questions about each topic, and learning activities that can be conducted in mentoring sessions or when girls are in school or with their families.
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Evidence and rights based planning and support tool for SRHR /HIV-prevention interventions for young people
Worldwide, extensive experience, evidence and information is available showing what works and what does not when implementing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). This tool attempts to document the most importance evidence, in a way that is useful to organizations with limited time and resources, working in the day to day practice of Sexual and Reproductive Health education for young people. It has been tested in workshops in South Africa and Pakistan partner organizations who implement SRHR/HIV interventions for young people. This tool is for project managers who either design new programmes or who evaluate existing programmes. It focuses on the planning of SRHR/ HIV prevention interventions for young people and consists of 28 indicators for successful/ effective education programmes. The indicators are based on existing theories and evidence and are based on the Intervention Mapping framework.
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Intermediary organizations capacity analysis: a toolkit for assessing and building capacities for high quality responses to HIV
Building the organizational, HIV technical and policy capacity of civil society organizations is a key to planning and delivering high quality responses to HIV. This toolkit provides a range of tools for analyzing the capacity of intermediary organizations. It can be used to identify capacity building needs, plan technical and support interventions and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building. This toolkit is designed to be flexible and adapted for use to meet the needs of different organizations. The toolkit is intended to be used by any organization providing financial and/or technical support to grassroots HIV organizations and is most relevant to established organizations with a track record of grant disbursement and several existing NGO/CBO partners.
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Participatory gender analysis: a tool to promote gender equity within the Union Parishad in Bangladesh
These guidelines have been prepared as a tool for conducting participatory discussion and analysis on the social position and condition of men and women within the context of the Union Parishad (UP) regional structure in Bangladesh. The guidelines build on the experiences and lessons in the field and aim to help participants to reflect on their experiences of gender (in) equalities and then take initiatives to decide on a course of action.
The tool highlights the main components of Gender Analysis Exercises and the processes of using the Gender Analysis Framework, explaining the three broad steps in applying the gender analysis framework at Union Parishad level. It includes five session plans for facilitators, tips and recommended steps, a gender analysis questionnaire and possibly activities for a participatory gender analysis action plan.
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Adolescent Marriage and Childbearing in India: Current Situation and Recent Trends
Over the last decade and a half, little progress has been made in reducing the proportion of adolescents in India who become brides. While a range of socioeconomic and cultural factors may influence when a young woman gets married, past research has shown that areas where girls achieve higher levels of education have lower rates of early marriage. Keeping girls in school longer has also been found to delay early childbearing, which is rare outside of marriage in India.
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Methods Handbook for Youth Social Work: A Collection of Games, Exercises and Techniques for the Moderation of Training and Planning Events with Young People
This book is intended for use by youth trainers, community workers, and youth group leaders, as well as project managers in government institutions and civil society organizations. It provides practical and participatory tools to improve the effectiveness of workshops, meetings, or training sessions, particularly those about income generation, health, gender, and environmental issues.
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A Profile of Youth in India
This report uses data from the 2005-2006 National Family Health Survey to provide a profile of youth in India that is relevant for population, health, and nutrition programs and for policy-makers. All analyses in this report provide information separately by sex, and most also do so by age (15-19 and 20-24) and marital status, in order to better highlight the different needs of these groups. Data on state-level variation and by slum and non-slum residence for eight cities are also provided throughout the report.
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Start with a Girl: A New Agenda for Global Health
This report describes the most prevalent and serious health problems that adolescent girls face in developing countries. It highlights the diverse ways in which governments and nongovernmental organizations have sought to break cycles of ill health. Finally, the report describes an ambitious yet feasible agenda for governments, donors, the private sector, and civil society organizations, complete with estimates of costs.
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News on wire
Rural poor estimated at 42%
Conventional wisdom holds that poverty is more widespread in India than the government cares to admit. And so, when the Planning Commission suggested that poverty had declined sharply to 27.5% in 2004-05 from 36% in 1993-94, it was greeted with a lot of skepticism. After all, the economy’s growth in the decade up to 2004-05 had not been that much better than in the decade prior to that. Rural poverty was projected at 41.8% and urban at 25.7% by the committee, as against official estimates of 28.3% and 25.7% for rural and urban population, respectively.
Costly healthcare pushes 39m into poverty
In India, private spending on health is 4.2% of GDP. More than 70% of all health expenditure in India is paid for by people from their own pockets and this expenditure has been rising, especially for the poorest with increasing privatization of healthcare.
NSSO data for 2004-05 shows that of the total medical expenditure per capita, medicines alone accounted for 74% of the expenses in rural areas and 67% in urban areas. If we were to consider only non-institutional medical care, which constitutes the bulk of health expenses, drugs constitute over 80% of people's expenditure.
India will remain 'flexible' in climate talks, says Ramesh
The UPA government's flexibility mantra on climate change will continue in the next year of crucial negotiations, environment minister Jairam Ramesh said. In response to a question by the media, whether the Cabinet note cleared just before the Copenhagen climate talks would stand for the negotiations in 2010, the minister said, "There is a change in India's negotiations. That is flexibility. If assessments change with circumstances, we have to nuance our position to reach a larger consensus."
While India co-scripted the Copenhagen Accord along with 25 other countries at the Danish capital, the formal negotiations on climate change will continue in 2010 with a formal and complete agreement being thrashed out by December 2010 when the 192 signatory countries to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change meet again in Mexico.
Lohri for the girl child: Fazilka’s novel, noble tradition
Maya Devi, in her 30s, working as a domestic help in Fazilka, was pleasantly surprised at being honoured for giving birth to a girl. Already a mother of 4 girls, the baby girl was “the result of another chance to try for a boy”. But today she had tears in her eyes when a local NGO —Sarhad Kesari — celebrated Lohri for her six-month-old Naina. She said, “I have finally decided to get my tubectomy operation done in a couple of months. No longer will I try for a boy when girls can bring such an honour.”
To end foeticide in Punjab-Girl child honoured
Sarahad Social Welfare Society and Sarhad Kesari organized a third 'Kannya Maan-Samman Samaroh' to end foeticide in border town Fazilka situated on Indo-Pak Border.
Lakshmi Kanta Chawala, the Health Minister of Punjab and Parliament Member from Ferozepur participated in function as Chief Guest, while MLA Surjit Jayana and his wife Nirmala Jayani, Deputy Commissioner Kanwal Kishore Yadav, SSP Surinder Pal Singh Parmar and District Progamme Officer Balwinder Singh participated as Special Guests.
News in print
Early marriage: Bihar tops list, Jharkhand comes next
Despite laws that bar marriages below the stipulated date, there are a number of cases of girls below the age of 18 being married. Bihar tops the dubious list of early marriages, followed by Jharkhand and Rajasthan. According to the Union Health Ministry, data compiled by the latest National Family Health Survey said that more than a quarter of Indian women got married before the age of 18.
Source: Pioneer, 22nd Dec 2009.
Cannot check prostitution, why don't you legalize it: SC to Centre
The Supreme Court asked the Centre whether it can legalize prostitution if it is not possible to curb it with punitive measures. "When you say it is the world's oldest profession and when you are not able to curb it by laws, why don't you legalize it? You can then monitor the trade, rehabilitate and provide of medical aid to those involved in the trade," a bench of Justice Dalveer Bhandari and Justice A K Patnaik told Solicitor General Gopal Subramaniam.
Source: Indian Express, 10th Dec 2009.
Man injects sleeping wife with HIV virus
An HIV-positive man infected his wife with the virus which can cause AIDS, as he injected his blood into her body while she was sleeping. It is believed the man wanted to transmit the disease to her so that she would start having sex with him again, the Sunday Star times reported. The man, 35, admitted infecting his wife, 33, the first case of its kind in New Zealand, an offence that carries a maximum 14 years' of imprisonment. In court documents, the woman described how her husband twice pricked her with a sewing needle laced with his infected blood.
Source: Pioneer, 7th Dec 2009.
Child under nutrition in India is a human rights issue
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights." So begins the Universal Declaration of Human Rights established 60 years ago and celebrated today around the globe. This year's theme is non-discrimination. When it comes to nutrition, all of India's children are not equal. According to India's third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) of 2005-06, 20 per cent of Indian children under five-years-old are wasted due to acute under nutrition and 48 per cent are stunted due to chronic under nutrition. Seventy per cent of children between six months and 59 months are anemic. Despite a booming economy, nutrition deprivation among India's children remains widespread.
Source: Hindu, 9th Dec 2009
National Conference on Challenges in Human Development
22 to 23 January 2010; YANAM, India; Organized by: P. G. Department of Economics, Dr. SRK Government Arts College, YANAM
P.G. Department of Economics, Dr. SRK Government Arts College (Pondicherry University), YANAM – 533464, INDIA is going to organize a national conference on “Challenges in Human Development” to understand the challenges in the human developm
Contact name: Dr. Himanshu Sekhar Rout