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Tuesday, December 27, 2011

  Subject: [SRIJAN]: Youth Health - TB and HIV/AIDS


High risk category still a major AIDS concern

Ankita Chakrabarty/ Zee Research Group

Post India’s claim to have reduced heavily the death toll rate because of AIDS among ordinary civilians, the challenge of redeeming the high risk category still looms large with states like Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka continuing to present high number of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) cases.

According to the National Aids Control Organization (NACO) report 2011, the number of HIV cases detected in the year 2011-12 (until September 2011) stood at 1, 57,347 and the number of deaths at 14,421. The primary drivers of HIV epidemic in India are commercial female sex workers, unprotected sex between males who have sex with males, and drug use through injections.


President awards girls for opposing child marriage

Last Updated: Wednesday, December 07, 2011, 15:40


New Delhi: Fifteen-year-old Sangita Bauri never feared her parents and society when she opposed her forcible marriage in a remote village in West Bengal but she trembled when she was honoured here by President Pratibha Patil for her feat.

Bauri along with two other young girls - Bina Kalindi and Mukti Majhi - met Patil on Wednesday after they were called by the President hearing the tale of their daunting courage and refusing child marriage in their village in West Bengal's Purulia.

"I never feared when I said no to my marriage sometime back. I went against parents, elders and others in my village...they had to relent. But when I was told I would be meeting the President and she will honour me, I went cold," Bauri said here after she was felicitated by Patil with a cash reward of Rs 10,000.


Beti Bachao Abhiyan to tackle declining sex ratio

Last Updated: Friday, November 04, 2011, 10:56


Bhopal: The skewed sex ratio in several districts of Madhya Pradesh has forced ruling BJP government to launch the 'Beti Bachao Abhiyan' (Save the Girl Child campaign) to raise awareness and address this nagging issue which may pose social and demographic problems in the state.

The districts where the sex ratio is alarmingly declininginclude: Bhind-838; Morena-839; Gwalior-862; Datia-875;Shivpuri-877; Chhattarpur-884; Sagar-896, Vidisha-897; Raisen-899; Ashoknagar-900; Tikamgarh-901; Sheopur-902; Panna-907;Guna-910; Bhopal-911 and Hoshangabad-912, official sources aid.



Sex ratio in rural areas better than urban: Survey

New Delhi: Sex ratio at birth and in all ages in rural areas is better than in urban areas, according to the first district-wise annual health survey (AHS) of nine states released on Wednesday.

Only six districts out of 284 accounting for half of the country's population have a positive sex ratio, according to the AHS, described as the largest demographic survey in the world.

Pithoragarh district of Uttarkhand reported the lowest sex ratio of 764 girls to 1000 boys at birth, while Moradabaddistrict of Uttar Pradesh had the highest of 1,030.


New TB test shows promise in early, accurate diagnosis

London: A new test developed recently to detect tuberculosis seems to be very effective in accurately tracing the disease early, according to a study carried out in several TB-prone countries, including India.

The study involving over 6,600 people in six countries such as India, South Africa, Peru, Azerbaijan, the Philippines and Uganda found that the `Xpert MTB/RIF` test has been highly accurate in detecting the disease and its multi-drug resistant (MDR) form.


Smoking may lead to excess TB deaths

New Delhi: A new research has claimed that smoking could be responsible for 40 million excess deaths from tuberculosis between 2010 and 2050.

According to the study led by Dr Sanjay Basu from the University of California, there will be 18 million more cases worldwide between 2010 and 2050 because smoking increases the risk of contracting TB.

The authors say that smoking tobacco is a TB risk factor and nearly one fifth of the world`s population smokes, and that most cigarettes are smoked in countries with high TB prevalence, where the tobacco industry has expanded its market.


TB a major cause of death amongst HIV patients

New Delhi: In a bid to tackle the rising number of HIV-Tuberculosis co-infection cases, health
activists today asked the government to develop faster and better TB testing technology which provides early diagnosis.

The NGOs Global Health Advocates (GHA) and INP+ made recommendations to National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) which will device a National Strategic Plan in September for
the fourth phase of National AIDS Control Program (NACP-IV) that will run from 2012 to 2017.

Seeking relief for millions of patients across the country, the NGOs suggested that there should be intense identification of people with HIV-TB co-infection and prevention of TB among People Living with HIV (PLHIV) through cross-referral.


Investing wisely in HIV/AIDS

Ahead of World AIDS Day on Dec 1, 2011, WHO, UNICEF, and UNAIDS launched the Global HIV/AIDS Response 2011 progress report on Nov 30. The report is the fifth such annual report published since 2006. As John Zarocostas reports in this month's Newsdesk, the latest edition contains much good news on treatment and prevention, but the gains made by past efforts are jeapardised by the ongoing global financial crisis and dwindling funds.

The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is increasing, with over 6·65 million patients in middle-income and low-income countries receiving treatment at the end of 2010. In the same year, nearly a half of pregnant women living with the HIV received prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Being on treatment has an impact on prevention as well. In sub-Saharan Africa, clinical trials have shown that if an HIV-positive person receives ART the risk of transmitting the virus to a partner is cut by 96%. Increased access to HIV-care services resulted in a reduction of new infections from 3·1 million in 2001 to 2·7 million in 2010, and a 22% decline in AIDS-related deaths in the past 5 years.


List of New Arrivals (Titles) 2011:


1. Gender and discrimination: Health, nutritional status, and role of women in India.

2. Gender analysis of renewable energy in India: present status, issues, approaches and new initiatives.

3. Nurturing dreams of the silent majority: bringing gender equity through development.

4. Counseling skills: facilitators.

5. Women and drug abuse: the Problem in Indian.

6. Children's rights in Bihar: a documentary study.

7. Human developments in India: challenges for a society in transition.

8. Women in difficult circumstances: summaries of research.

9. Men, gender equality and policy response in India: an exploration.

10. Cherishing the girl child: advocacy campaign against sex selection and pre birth elimination of females.

11. Motherhood in India: glorification without empowerment.

12. Peer led outreach at scale: a guide to implementation.

13. Violence against women in Afghanistan.

14. Technological options for women empowerment and rural development.

15. Utilization of public health facility in maternal health care: a comparative study of Indian states.

16. Continuum of care for HIV Positive women accessing programs to prevent parent to Child transmission: findings from India.

17. Population, health & social development in Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal Alma’s.

18. Forced labour: a study of children at the traffic lights.

19. Primary healthcare spending: striving for equity under fiscal federalism.


MAMTA-Health Institute for Mother and Child is a non-governmental organization working on various health and development issues with special focus on young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights among various strata of the population.

The organization provides visibility and voice to young people and in this regard a portal acts as a platform for dissemination of scientific information as well.

SRIJAN (Sexual and Reproductive health Initiative for Joint Action Network) Electronic discussion forum attempts to bring together individuals and organizations to create and share resources, initiate discussion and debate on issues concerning young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights.

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