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Thursday, February 16, 2012

  Subject: [SRIJAN]: Sex Ratio of India


Sex Ratio of India: Current Sex Ratio of India in 2012 is 940 Females/1000 Males.

Sex Ratio of India - Sex Ratio is a term used to define number of females per 1000 males. It's a great source to find the equality of males and females in a society at a given period of time. In India Sex Ratio was okay till the time of Independence, thereafter it has declined regularly. According to Census of India 20011, Indian sex ratio has shown some improvement in the last 10 years. It has gone up from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011 census of India. There has been some improvement in the Sex Ratio of India but it has gone down badly in some states like Haryana. The state of Kerala with 1084 females for every 1000 males has the best sex ratio in India. It has shown a tremendous improvement in the last 10 years. Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 877 females per 1000 males. So Sex Ratio of India varies from region to region. Kerala and Puducherry are only two places in India where total female population is more than the male population. Other states like Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka are also showing an increase in their sex ratio.


Books and Initiatives

Sexuality education in Asia:  Are we delivering?

This report is talking about sexuality education. Yes, we know it’s a sensitive issue. But we are talking about the policies and strategies in place regarding sexuality education in the 13 Asian countries where Plan operates. We have tried to look at how we, governments and civil society are delivering on what we see as adolescents’ right to learn about the sexuality related issues that will protect their health and wellbeing and will enable them to help protect others.

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Delaying Marriage for Girls in India:

Child marriage is not only a human rights violation, but it also hinders the achievement of millennium development goals and compromises the future of our children and our country. This study on understanding the social norms around child marriage and the barriers to delayed marriage of girls was commissioned by UNICEF with the aim of contributing and informing the plans and programs led by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, India. In India almost half of all girls marry before the age of 18 years, which is the legal age of marriage. The implications of child marriage for girls are an increased risk of maternal and infant mortality, HIV infection due to early sexual debut and early childbearing. Girls married at early ages are also at a higher risk of domestic violence. Moreover, it restricts girls’ opportunities to go to school and realise their own potential beyond their roles as wives and mothers.

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Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity, A Training Manual

Yari-Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity, a training manual developed by the Population Council in collaboration with Instituto PROMUNDO, CORO for Literacy, MAMTA - Health Institute for Mother and Child and DAUD, is an important resource for government and non-government organizations (NGOs) that aim to promote gender equity and address masculinity as a strategy for the prevention of HIV infection. A significant feature of this Manual is that it has been validated through community-based research in several urban and rural areas of India where it is now being used.

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This document contains an educational booklet and patient screener designed to enhance the DOTS tuberculosis program. The educational booklet for TB is based on five years of formative research conducted in India by a team of experienced social scientists and medical doctors working together to address what they saw as a major gap in current efforts to educate TB patients, DOTS providers, and health staff about TB and its treatment. The screener is designed to help identify patients likely to have problems in completing DOTS therapy.

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Sexuality education in India: are we delivering

This report presents the first investigation of school based sexuality education in Asia through a human rights perspective. The study reflected in this report looked to provide new insights that could help strengthen programming by assessing how states are delivering on their responsibility to provide sexuality education in schools. The main focus is on the laws, policies and strategic plans through which governments provide the enabling environment for sexuality education.

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Operational Guidelines on Maternal and Newborn Health

Maternal health is important to communities, families and the nation due to its profound effects on the health of women, immediate survival of the newborn and long term well-being of children, particularly girls and the well-being of families. Maternal death and illness have cost implications for family and the community because of high direct and indirect costs, the adverse impact on productivity and the tremendous human tragedy that every maternal or child death represents. Maternal mortality and morbidity indicators refl ect not only how well the health system is functioning, but also the degree of equity in public service delivery, utilisation of services, and the social status of women. Every year, in India, 28 million pregnancies take place with 67,000 maternal deaths,1 1 million women left with chronic ill health, and 1 million neonatal deaths.

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Teens Raising

This report has been written to heighten media and public attention to both a crisis and an opportunity. The crisis is that, by almost any measure, America’s teenagers are facing risks from violence, mental illness, abuse, neglect, inadequate education, substance abuse, poverty, and other sources that profoundly jeopardize their futures— and, hence, our own. One of the most striking aspects of this crisis is how little we have involved parents as part of the solution. While initiatives are needed at all levels, from community development to policy change, we often lose sight of one of the groups that can and most wants to help teens: their parents.

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News on wire

No place for girl child in Rajasthan

Jaipur: In a worrying manifestation of bias against the girl child, the latest annual health survey 2010-11 reveals that sex ratio in Rajasthan is far below other states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. What makes it shameful for us is that the sex ratio in Jaipur was the worst compared to other major cities where the survey was carried out.


In the survey, conducted by Census of India in nine states, Rajasthan lagged behind other states in the skewed sex ratio and was placed at the seventh position. Even states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, UP, Orissa, Bihar, MP and Assam fared better than the state in maintaining a healthy sex ratio.



India 'most dangerous place in world to be born a girl'

India is the most dangerous place in the world to be born a girl, with females almost twice as likely to die before reaching the age of five, according to new UN figures.  The report, which analyses differences between male and female child mortality rates over the last 40 years, reveals that from 2000 to 2010 there were 56 deaths of boys aged one to five for every 100 female deaths.  Indian campaigners for the rights of girls said the figures reflected widespread discrimination against girls, ranging from neglect to abuse and killing of unwanted female infants.  The figures, compiled by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, emerged as India was plunged into introspection over the case of a two year old girl fighting for her life in hospital after being abandoned by her family and trafficked between several adults before being beaten, bitten and branded by a 14 year old girl. The girl, known as Falak, is suffering from severe chest injuries and brain damage and according to her doctors is unlikely to survive the next 48 hours.



MCI fails to crack whip on illegal sex determination

Despite India’s skewed sex ratio and female foeticide at an all-time high, the Medical Council of India (MCI) is least bothered. The medical education regulator has failed to cancel or suspend the registration of a majority of doctors convicted for conducting illegal sex determination tests last year.

Out of the 93 medical practitioners, who were convicted for illegal sex determination tests across the country in 2011, the MCI cancelled the registration of just 15 doctors. Taking serious note of the matter, the Health Ministry has asked the MCI to take immediate action against the erring doctors and to help rectify the nation’s shameful sex ratio and to send a stern message among the medical fraternity.



Falling child sex ratio a rising concern, says Tirath

Raising concerns over declining sex ratio in the country, Minister of State for Women and Child Development Krishna Tirath called for more steps to prevent the issues related with girl child and women.  The government needs to work on better policies in collaboration with other public and private institutions, Tirath said while speaking on the occasion of the National Girl Child Day celebrations here on Tuesday. Declining sex ratio has become a major issue in India as in the last decade 27 states have seen a decline in child sex ratio, she said.  “We have to take steps towards preventing lingering issues related with girl child and women across states. Sex select abortions and dowry cases are not the only issues aggravating these problems.


Cervical cancer kills 1 Indian every 7 minutes

MUMBAI: One woman dies every seven minutes of cervical cancer. Breast cancer claims one life every 10 minutes. In 2025, these cancers will kill one victim each in 4.6 and 6.2 minutes. The figures and projections are for India by Globocan 2008, a software prepared by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The software is updated every few years to help public health officials to prepare a battle plan against cancer. India clearly needs to fine-tune its anti-cancer strategies. In 2008, 72,825 women died of cervical cancer and 53,592 of breast cancer. There are region-wise nuances: while all-India statistics show that cervical cancer is the deadliest for women, breast cancer is the biggest worry in the metros.



Adolescent counselling programme launched

KOCHI: A statewide adolescent counselling programme, organised by the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)in conjuction with the Indian Association of Pediatricians and Child Development Centre, was lanuched at the St Xavier’s College, Aluva,on Saturday. Under the programme, doctors and experts in child psychiatry will visit higher secondary schools and colleges across the state to conduct adolescent counselling and screening sessions. “A questionnaire with a total of seven questions will be given to each student. The questionnaire is designed in such a manner that with which we will be able to identify those students who need professional help. During the subsequent sessions, the students will get a better idea about themselves and their problems. There will also be one-on-one sessions,” said director, Child Development Centre, M K C Nair. A screening programme was held for around 150 students of the St Xavier’s College after the launch, which will serve as a model for similar programmes to be held elsewhere.




News in Print

Gender ratio in Delhi not healthy, matter of concern: Sheila Dikshit

Admitting that the skewed child sex ratio in Delhi was a matter of concern, Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit today said the government has initiated a range of welfare measures to improve the gender disparity.  Citing government statistics in the last five years, Dikshit said, in 2008, the sex ratio had improved, but it dropped in 2010 despite introduction of a number schemes like Laadli Yojna, to save the girl child.  As per census 2011 data, Delhi's sex ratio of children up to six years of age has dropped to 866 girls per 1,000 boys from 868 girls in 2001. The child sex ratio of Delhi is much below the national average of 914.



25 years of HIV in India: From despair to hope

The first case of HIV/AIDS in India was detected in Chennai sex workers in 1986, triggering shocked disbelief among health professionals which ultimately transformed into panic and then hopeless resignation. “We never thought that HIV would ever visit India and take us on,” said Dr Ramesh Paranjape, Director of the National AIDS Research Institute, Indian Council of Medical Research. “At that time HIV was considered to be a disease of the western world and we had nothing to do with it. But slowly with more and more cases testing positive for the virus, it became a grave concern for us too.”



India has better chance in fight against cancer

MUMBAI: Three months back, an Oxford University team started an ambitious study to pinpoint why the incidence of cancer in India was lower than in the West. The study will look at whether a more-vegetarian-than-non-vegetarian diet and early marriage do the trick for Indians. Compared to the West, cancer incidence in India is lower. "In the US, 230 women per million get breast cancer every year. In contrast, the corresponding figure is 110 women in urban India. In rural India, the incidence goes down to around 50," said Dr Suresh Advani, a leading oncologist. The Oxford study will take more than a couple of years to give concrete answers, but it could help the world work out anti-cancer measures.



Killer TB Hits India

Just as India celebrated the one-year anniversary of what appears to be the last child to be infected with polio in that country, physicians there have reported the occurrence of a dreaded disease: a deadly form of tuberculosis that is completely resistant to any of the drugs typically used to treat it. They described patients with the incurable illness, called totally drug-resistant tuberculosis (TDR-TB), in the February issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases. This new finding makes India the third country in which TDR-TB has appeared. Cases of the disease turned up in Italy in 2007 and in Iran in 2009, though some researchers claim that TDR-TB is just a more severe form of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), which has been found in at least 58 countries across the globe.



Deathly friendship of bacteria and virus: TB-HIV co-infection

The clinical course and opportunistic infections of HIV vary from patient to patient and country to country. In India TB is a major opportunistic infection in people living with HIV (PLHIV), with over 35% PLHIV co-infected with TB-HIV. There is an estimated 3.52% faster progression to death if a PLHIV suffers from TB also. Even today in India, two deaths occur every three minutes from TB. Major challenges to control TB in India include poor primary health-care infrastructure especially in rural areas; unregulated private health care leading to widespread irrational use of first-line and second-line anti-TB drugs, poverty, social stigma and lack of political will.



Breast cancer cases increasing in Pune

An alarming statistic emerging from Pune Cancer Registry indicates that cases of breast cancer in city are increasing at an alarming rate. According to the registry, almost 30% of women suffering from some form of cancer had breast cancer. What is even more shocking is that five percent of people affected by breast cancer are men. In fact, city doctors said that most men come too late to the clinics or don’t agree easily for surgery as they believe that breast cancer is a ‘women’s illness’




Trainings/Workshops/ Conferences


July             22-27  XIX International AIDS Conference               

801 Mt. Vernon Place, NW
Washington, DC 20001


Partner Services Workshops:

Partner Services are a broad array of services that should be offered to persons with HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea, or Chlamydia infection and their partners. A critical function of partner services is partner notification, a process through which infected persons are interviewed to elicit information about their partners who can then be confidentially notified of their possible exposure or potential risk by experienced Disease Intervention Specialists employed by the Department of Health.


The workshops are provided for employees of community based organizations, clinical care providers, HIV prevention community planning groups, staff of the Department of Health and others who perform HIV and STD tests with an interest in partner services.

The workshop will provide participants with a Partner Services tool kit that will guide them in effective partner elicitation, proper completion of the Partner Notification Forms, role plays, networking and information on the proper submission of the Partner Services Forms to the Department of Health.

Participants must pre-register:
For more information about registration please contact:
Genevieve Ruffin
Technical Advisor
(202) 671-5080

Source :


MAMTA-Health Institute for Mother and Child is a non-governmental organization working on various health and development issues with special focus on young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights among various strata of the population.

The organization provides visibility and voice to young people and in this regard a portal acts as a platform for dissemination of scientific information as well.

SRIJAN (Sexual and Reproductive health Initiative for Joint Action Network) Electronic discussion forum attempts to bring together individuals and organizations to create and share resources, initiate discussion and debate on issues concerning young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights.

We look forward to your participation in the forum!

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