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Thursday, May 17, 2012

  Subject: [SRIJAN]



Adolescents contribute to society in countless, influential ways. They publish newspapers and magazines, run businesses, and serve as leaders in schools and communities. Some manage households; some care for younger siblings or ailing parents. Many work long days in factories and in fields. Bursting with vitality, curiosity and spirit, young people have the potential to help advance the world. They can educate their peers about life's challenges and the dangers of high-risk behaviour: about protecting themselves from diseases such as HIV/AIDS, for example. They can help others like themselves break cycles of violence and discrimination. UNICEF works with and for adolescents to involve them in life-affirming activities. When they are appreciated as sources of energy, imagination and passion, young people flourish and so their communities flourish.


Books and Initiatives



Adolescent report card: 47% Indian girls unhealthy

Published: Monday, Apr 30, 2012, 10:00 IST | Updated: Sunday, Apr 29, 2012, 20:11 IST
By Ankita Chakrabarty | Place: New Delhi | Agency: Zee Research Group


India’s demographic dividend might get negated with about half of adolescent girls reported unhealthy.

According to the UNICEF Global Report card on Adolescents 2012 47% of adolescent girls aged 15–19 in India were underweight with a body mass index of less than the prescribed level of 18.5.

The south Asia region as a whole fared badly on the body mass index level with Bangladesh and Nepal having 35% and 26%underweight adolescent girls respectively.

The global report listed India as a prime destination for adolescent girls to bear children. It found out that 22% of women aged 20-24 years gave birth before the age of 18 in India.

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Half of late adolescent girls in India underweight, anaemic

India Global | Posted on Apr 25, 2012 at 04:32pm IST


A Unicef report on adolescents (between 10 and 19 years of age) titled 'Progress for Children' has revealed that nearly 50 per cent of adolescent girls aged between 15 and 19 years in India are underweight, with a body mass index of less than 18.5.

Anaemia is a severe public health problem in sixteen countries of the world, the largest number of cases being found here in India where more than half of girls aged between 15 and 19 years are anaemic.

Anaemia, most commonly iron-deficiency anaemia, increases the maternal risk of haemorrhage and sepsis during childbirth. It causes cognitive and physical deficits in young children and reduces productivity in adults. Women and young children are most vulnerable to anaemia due to insufficient iron in their diets, ongoing blood loss and periods of rapid growth.

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Indian Girls More Likely To Have Sex Before 15

Saturday, April 28th, 2012 | Posted by admin

NEW DELHI – Adolescent girls – in the 15-19 age group – in developing countries like India are more likely than adolescent boys to have sex before they turn 15.

While 3% boys, in the 15-19 age category, had sex before reaching 15 between 2005 and 2010 in India, almost 8% girls in the same age group had become sexually intimate.

Unicef’s “Global Report Card on Adolescents 2012 published in the Lancet said among 15-19 year olds in the developing world (excluding China), 11% girls had sex before the age of 15 against 5% boys. Early sex also resulted in early childbearing, and also increased the risk of HIV infection.

While only 35% adolescent boys in India had comprehensive knowledge of HIV, it was much lower among girls at 19%.

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Now, girls hit puberty at 10

Kounteya Sinha, TNN Apr 26, 2012, 02.39AM IST

NEW DELHI: Now, girls are reaching puberty, two years earlier. The age of attaining sexual maturity among a girl, when she changes physically, hormonally and sexually has dipped, especially in urban India, to 10 years from 12-13 earlier, not just in India but globally.

A study published in the Lancet on Wednesday says the age of 18 years clearly no longer signifies adulthood.

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News on wire



Early puberty puts girls at risk of psychological problems, early pregnancy

ANI- Washington, Fri, 27 Apr 2012

Washington, April 27 (ANI): A new review co-authored by an Indian origin scientist has suggested that girls who start puberty very early are more likely to have psychological problems and be at risk of sexual abuse and early pregnancy.

Puberty is characterised by the maturation of the hypothalamic pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis, which plays a critical part in the development and regulation of the reproductive system.

Normal puberty commences from approximately 10 years onwards and breast development is usually the first sign of this. In Europe, the lower end of the normal range for the onset of puberty is 8 years in girls, although there are ethnic variations.

In girls, early puberty or precocious puberty is defined as the development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as the development of breasts or pubic hair before the age of 8 years. Most children with premature sexual development need referral to a paediatric endocrinologist for evaluation and management.

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A white ribbon flutters towards safe motherhood in Rajasthan

Rajasthan,Features,Health/Medicine, Sun, 29 Apr 2012 IANS


Jodhpur, April 29 (IANS) Will the baby live? Will the mother survive childbirth? Not very long ago, it was left to fate to decide how a pregnant woman and her unborn child would fare, but a slow change towards birth preparedness is taking place in some villages of Rajasthan's Jodhpur district.

Now women like Mamta, Goga, Pushpa and Ganga care. Hiding their faces behind colourful, pink and red odhnis or veils, and laughing shyly over the discussion on pregnancy and birth, these women are becoming aware of the need to eat properly, check blood pressure and weight regularly and write down the phone number of the local jeep or van driver to call when birth pains begin or in case of any emergency.

Rajasthan has among the highest maternal mortality ratio in India at 335 per 100,000 live births.

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'Tuberculosis still remains a major concern in India'

TNN Apr 29, 2012, 05.12AM IST

ALLAHABAD: A symposium on 'Challenges in treatment of tuberculosis in immuno-compromised patients' was organised at Kamla Nehru Memorial Hospital on Saturday.

Speaking on the occasion, oncologist Dr B Paul Thaliath said tuberculosis is still a major health issue in the Third World countries and India carries the maximum burden of TB patients. Patients with reduced immunity like cancer and AIDS are more prone to develop this infection.

Senior oncologist Dr Radharani Ghosh spoke on the different aspects of TB treatment in immuno-compromised patients. The anti-TB drugs are toxic and have to be used with caution in patients infected with HIV and those suffering from cancer. According to studies, bio-enhanced anti-TB drugs, especially Refampicin, prove to be a better alternative in these patients because of low dose and less toxicity, she added.

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Tibetans in India three times more prone to TB

Kounteya Sinha, TNN Apr 9, 2012, 01.32AM IST

NEW DELHI: Tibetans in exile, living in India, are now facing a serious enemy in Tuberculosis. The Union health ministry says Tibetans in exile have one of the highest rates of TB in the world.

In India, the prevalence of the deadly air-borne disease is three times higher in the Tibetan population than the national average.

The alarming trend made the head of India's Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) Dr Ashok Kumar meet the Dalai Lama on Wednesday at Dharamsala - the seat of the Tibetan government-in-exile.

The meeting, Union health ministry officials said, was to seek the Dalai Lama's guidance and intervention on how the Tibetan population could be better integrated into the RNTCP, and ensure that they take proper drugs in right regimens.

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Health ministry wary of merging AIDS department with NRHM

Delhi,Health/Medicine, Thu, 03 May 2012 IANS

New Delhi, May 3 (IANS) The Planning Commission's proposal to merge the two-decade-old AIDS control department with the flagship National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has caused a stir in the health ministry, with some officials even saying it could reverse the gains made by India in bringing down HIV infections.Concerns have been raised over the efficacy and outreach of the National AIDS Control Organisation's (NACO) HIV-AIDS related facilities if delivered through NRHM. 

India has a population of over 2.5 million HIV positive people, the third largest globally. Over the last decade, the new HIV infections annually have come down by 50 percent. 

"The Planning Commission's proposal on NRHM convergence is still under consideration. We need to first take stock of the preparations for this massive integration where there are multiple issues involved, with the fear of going wrong on sensitive AIDS control programmes," a senior health ministry official told IANS on condition of anonymity. 

NACO, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, was set up to combat AIDS - allocating funds to voluntary organisations and state AIDS control societies (SACS), structure policies for targeted interventions, disease-surveillance and implementation of programmes.

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New Arrivals :



Title: Fact sheets on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Publisher : Alliance

Language: English


Title: Parent Child Communication on SRH Matters

Publisher : Population Council

Language: English


Title: SRH of Young People in India

Publisher : Population Council

Language: English


Title: Effects of Janani Suraksha Yojana on Maternal and Newborn care practices

Publisher : Population Council

Language: English


Title: Orange Book

Publisher : Tarshi

Language: English


Trainings/Workshops/ Conferences



2012 International Conference on Nutrition and Food Sciences (ICNFS 2012)
23 to 24 July 2012
Singapore, Singapore

ICNFS 2012 will be published in one Volume of IPCBEE, and all papers will be included in the E and T Digital Library, and indexed by EBSCO, CNKI, WorldCat, Google Scholar, and sent to be reviewed by Ei Compendex and ISI Proceedings.

The deadline for abstracts/proposals is 5 March 2012.
Web address:
Sponsored by: CBEES


Source :



MAMTA-Health Institute for Mother and Child is a non-governmental organization working on various health and development issues with special focus on young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights among various strata of the population.

The organization provides visibility and voice to young people and in this regard a portal acts as a platform for dissemination of scientific information as well.

SRIJAN (Sexual and Reproductive health Initiative for Joint Action Network) Electronic discussion forum attempts to bring together individuals and organizations to create and share resources, initiate discussion and debate on issues concerning young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights.

We look forward to your participation in the forum!

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