Youth is a period in which attitudes, behaviors and power dynamics in intimate and sexual relationships are rehearsed, thus making it an opportune time to promote reflection and skills among young women for building healthy lifestyles and more equitable relationships between men and women. Hence more focus needs to be made towards young women’s empowerment, promoting young women’s awareness about gender and inequities, rights and health.
Books and Initiatives
Empowering Young Women
Although there has been a significant amount of work done to promote women’s empowerment, most of it has been geared towards the experiences of adult women. This manual, part of an initiative called Program M, includes a series of group educational activities to promote young women’s awareness about gender inequities, rights and health. It also seeks to develop their skills to feel more capable of acting in empowered ways in different spheres of their lives.
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Twinkle-Twinkle Little Stars -- An exploratory study on the needs & concerns of HIV/AIDS infected & affected children
The book contains 15 case studies of children living with and affected by HIV/AIDS. At the end of every story there is a “society wake up call”, which explains the responsibility of the community, extended families and parents towards these children. At the end, the book summarizes some information for the caregivers, regarding helping children cope with loss, death and grief. This information pertains to psychological and emotional needs of these children and how can caregivers strengthen support to them.
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THE MAGIC BUS - A Flipbook on Basics of HIV/AIDS
The flip book essentially caters to the needs of Outreach workers and cousellors in the field who need tools and medium to explain basics of HIV to children between the age group of 8 to 14 years. The flip book is specifically developed to help children undergo a journey of information which is fun and easy to comprehend. It was developed and later pilot tested with children in all the four states of the CHAHA programme, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Manipur. Feedback was incorporated and final draft re-circulated before printing. It has been translated in Telugu, Tamil, and Marathi. The content of this publication is as follows - basics of HIV/AIDS, Opportunistic Infections, ARV, ART and adherence.
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Training manual for Aanganwari Workers (Hindi)
This training manual is developed by SIFSA, Uttar Pradesh. It contains details about Aanganwari workers activities role and responsibilities. The objective of this manual is to introduce SIFSA programs, and the role of Aanganwari workers in this programme. The sessions includes in this training manual are based on compulsory marriage registration, reproductive and child health and family planning. This manual is useful for training of Aanganwari workers and personals who are working with the same issues.
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ASHA Flip Book
This flip book contains basic information about health and hygiene. This book is divided in to six parts. Part one deals with nutrition and personal hygiene, second part is about maternal and child health, third is about RTI/STI/HIV and AIDS, fourth is about family planning , fifth is about adolescent health and the last part contains details of government projects and planning. This flip book is useful for primary health workers, ASHA and persons who are working with these peoples training and other development sector professionals.
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News on wire
Girls win President’s praise for resisting early marriage
NEW DELHI: Their courage to say no and conviction to push for their rights have made Rekha Kalindi, Sunita Mahato and Afsana Khatun role models for hundreds of young girls fighting the age-old practice of child marriage. The otherwise shy and reserved teenagers from the backward and poverty-stricken Purulia district in West Bengal shed their inhibitions when they narrated their stories at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. Impressed by their courage to confront social evils, President Pratibha Patil rewarded the girls with a meeting, lavished praise on them and presented a cash purse of Rs.10, 000 each to help them pursue education.
Child brides find haven in city
Kasturi is expecting her second child next month. Nothing surprising until you find she is only 16 years old. In a thatched-roof hut, this girl is feeding her first born on a sultry Friday afternoon. All this not in some remote village but in the heart of one of India’s most globalized cities.
Mariamma is even younger. This 12-year-old girl was married at 11 and left Gulbarga to live with her carpenter husband in Bangalore. “I live here with my in-laws and other relatives. We’re a family of nine who came from Yadgir last year. I also go out and work to feed the family. Once a year, I get to meet my parents,’’ she told STOI.
Child marriage seems to be an accepted norm in the ‘Gulbarga’ colony in Nagavarapalya, C V Raman Nagar, which teems with girls of her age who are married in their villages and sent to Bangalore. Every resident of this colony of 300 houses is from Gulbarga. “Many came here after our parents got us married. My parents felt it’s safer for me to be married before I go to another city and work,’’ said Durga, 15.
Ten-year-old girls married to men twice their age, girls saddled with four children before they’re even 25 and women in their thirties with sons in their twenties are a common sight in this settlement. Activists working against child marriage say Bangalore is increasingly becoming a safe haven for children married early.
Drop in World Infant Mortality, says WHO report
UNITED NATIONS: Infant mortality under five has fallen 30% since 1990, which shows how stronger health systems have performed, a World Health Organization report has said.
This reduction shows the validity of a better health care, use of mosquito nets to fight malaria, oral rehydration against diarrhea, more vaccines and clean water and sanitation, a WHO official said quoting the report.
More actions are, however, needed to achieve similar results in other areas, including mother and newborn child health care, WHO Health Statistics and Information Technology Director Ties Boerma said.
The figures are contained in a report titled 'World Health Statistics', the first drafted by WHO on public health-related tasks as part of the UN Millennium Development Goals slated to be achieved by 2015.
Introduction of sex education in schools opposed
The Shiksha Bachao Andolan Samiti has opposed a proposal pertaining to introduction of sex education at school level. The Samiti, on the other hand, pressed for introduction of chapters which may help students in their character and personality building.
Samiti joint convener Atul Kothari told press here on Tuesday that the Samiti had submitted a memorandum, signed by over four lakh people from across the country, to a Rajya Sabha committee which prepared a report to find out whether sex education at school level should be introduced or not.
He said that the committee in its report submitted to the Rajya Sabha chairman observed that many agencies, in the name of adolescent education, tried to introduce things which were not good in taste and could adversely affect the tender brains of young ones.
He said that Shiksha Sanskriti Uthan Nyas too organized a national level symposium at Pune earlier this year and a 12-member committee was formed to suggest a curriculum and its suggestions was likely to be ready by June this year.
World Bank paints a bleak picture of India
India now is ahead of only Sub-Saharan Africa among developing countries in terms of the percentage of population below the poverty line, though it fared better than China on this count in 1990, according to the World Bank.
The multilateral lender, in its recently released report 'Global Economic Prospects for 2009', said a quarter of India's population will be living in extreme poverty, on less than USD 1.25 a day, in 2015.
The corresponding figure for China is 6.1 per cent and for Sub-Saharan Africa 37.1 per cent. These are based on purchasing power parity exchange rates derived from the 2005 price surveys, meaning that the calculations have been made assuming a dollar's purchasing power to be the same in the years under consideration as in 2005.
News in print
Drop in infant mortality rate in the country
The infant mortality rate in the country went down by two percentage points from 57 to 55 per 1,000 live births between 2006 and 2007. While the overall figure has shown a decrease, the number has gone up in chandigarh, Uttarakhand, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and some northeastern states, according to the latest figures released by the Registrar-General of India as per sample registration system.
Source: The Hindu, May 13th 2009.
India just ahead of Sub-Saharan Africa in Poverty
India now is ahead of only Sub-Saharan Africa among developing countries in terms of percentage of population below the poverty line, through it fared better than China on this count in 1990 according to the World Bank. The multilateral lender in its recently released report ‘Global Economic Prospects for 2009’,said a quarter of India’s population will be living in extreme poverty, on less than $1.25 a day in 2015.
Source: Times of India , 13th May 2009.
Evil called child marriage
Does the America to dole largesse for preventing child marriages? In the last three weeks, two bills have been introduced in the US Congress and the senate called the International Protecting girls by Preventing Child Marriage Act 2009.
Source: Pioneer, May 14th 2009.
Delhi High Court upholds Muslim girl’s marriage
Upholding the marriage of a five month pregnant teenaged Muslim girl, the Delhi High Court has handed over her custody to her mother-in –law as her husband is in judicial custody. In this case the division bench decided on the basis of the Shariat which considers a Muslim girl a major if she has reached puberty.
Source: The Hindu, 19th May 2009.
Wrong HIV report and a miscarriage
Firdosa Sagar a 24 year old mother of two who lives in Mumbai’s northern suburb of Goregaon, was devastated when her blood sample tested positive for HIV. The blood tests were conducted at the Mumbai municipality run Hospital in Malad. Her husband took out for another round of tests, this time at a private clinic. To the couple’s relief the test report come out negative. In between all this running from hospital to hospital, Fordos has a miscarriage.
Source: Hindustan Times, 19th May 2009.
Woman died during forced abortion of female foetus
In a state where a skewed female-male ratio is already cause for concern, theirs is some more bad news: an expectant mother died on Monday in Patiala during a forcible attempt to abort her foetus by an untrained midwife. This happened barely hours after a doctor convicted under Medical termination of pregnancy Act committed suicide in Bhatinda after her plea was rejected.
Source: The Times of India, 20th May 2009.
Every third male student in Punjab drug addict, HC told
According to a Punjab Government survey, 66 percent of the school going students in the state consume gutkha or tobacco; every third male and every tenth female student has taken drugs on one pretext or the other and seven out of 10 college going students abuse one or the other drug.
Source: Indian Express, 21st May 2009.
The 7th Asian Youth Forum (1 to 6 December 2009, Manila, Philippines)
The Asian Youth Forum is an international youth event which brings together college-aged young people from across Asia for academic seminars, intercultural workshops, social events and interpersonal exchanges
Organized by: Asian Youth Forum
Deadline for abstracts/proposals: 1 August 2009
Contact name: Prof. Kip Cates