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Poster: Haldi Ki Jaldi

This poster titled “Haldi Ki Jaldi” portrays the ritual of Haldi hence using the metaphor asking the communities why do they hasten up to marry their young children, robbing of their childhood. Hon’ble Minister released this poster for Women and Child Development, Government of Rajasthan, the Principal Secretary Department of Women and child development, Director Department of women and child development and State Representative UNICEF for Rajasthan.


Poster: Sahi Umar mein Byah Rachayein

As an integral part of the project on “Creating an enabling Environment for Young People's Sexual, Reproductive Health and Rights in an integrated Health and development approach with special focus on Prevention of Early marriage and early Pregnancy in Rajasthan” an innovative approach with participation of young people for development of an IEC/poster gave way to this poster “Sahi Umar mein Byah Rachayein”.

 

Initiated as an activity on poster making competition for young people in the intervention areas, the winning poster, adjudged as best among other was later developed and designed, repeatedly field-tested in the communities, with young people, service providers and NGO’s. It was released by Hon’ble Minister for Women and Child Development, Government of Rajasthan, the Principal Secretary Department of Women and child development and the Director IEC.


Poster: Bal vivah ke unchahe uphaar

As a part of the larger issue based advocacy on young people’s sexual reproductive health and rights issue MAMTA has developed this poster on child marriage and its consequences. It reads Bal vivah ke uncahe uphar” and thus questions the perpetrators if they would want to gift their young children gifts like maternal and child death, loss of education, HIV/AIDS etc. Chairperson State Women’s Commission Mrs. Tara Bhandari released the poster


Deserving more: analysis of early marriage & early pregnancy in Rajasthan

This report is a situation analysis of early marriage and early pregnancy covering two districts i.e., Sawaimadhopur and Jhunjhunju of Rajasthan state. This study gives a picture of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of rural young people and other key stakeholders including parents, panchayat members and service providers.

 

It reflects on key factors contributing to early marriage & early pregnancy, related diverse cultures and practices. This study may form a base for effective intervention models to be used in strategically curbing the prevalent practices of early marriage. The data of this report and the findings would help to understand the problem in Rajasthan and it could also be used as a tool for strengthening such kind of projects and measuring its outcomes not only on state but also at national level.


Ek Pahal: adhikaron ki aur: yaun evam prajnan swasthya adhikaron par ek margdarshika

                                   

This is the Hindi translation of the document ‘Breaking through: a guide to sexual and reproductive health and rights’, published by RFSU (The Swedish Association for Sexuality Education).  It provides a comprehensive introduction to the political debate surrounding sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). It discusses the changes in the approach to population issues that emerged from the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, emphasizing the conference’s explicit recognition of reproductive rights as human rights. Countries pledged to reduce maternal mortality, fight HIV and AIDS, and improve people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The guide discusses the controversy over the goals that were adopted and the reservations expressed by many countries. It also describes the nature of the opposition to SRHR in international negotiations, lists words and concepts whose meanings have been interpreted differently by progressive and conservative lobbies, and provides a background to the political arguments in support of some of the most controversial SRHR issues. Further chapters look at what work has been done on SRHR in Sweden, the EU, and in the context of development cooperation, and review international conventions and declarations on SRHR.


Handbook on Advocacy (English & Hindi)

                                       

Many organizations engage in some or the other form of advocacy.  Many of them are unaware of the fact that they are engaged in advocacy efforts while they are spreading awareness and mobilizing people towards achieving their rightful claims.  Advocacy happens to be a means and not an end in itself.  Many a times our efforts fetch us the desired results over a considerable period of time.  Introspection and sharing of our efforts and experiences help to determine future actions.  Sharing such experiences help advocates in strengthening their own efforts in whatever field they are engaged in.  This handbook endeavors to enhance the capacity of advocates to carry out organized efforts and actions.  These efforts and actions are capable of bringing results. It brings forth the different advocacy tools that can be utilized to sharpen effort, skills and methodologies in the most effective and economic way.  It will help future advocates in their efforts and initiatives.


Stepping into Adolescence (English, Hindi & Bengali)

                                      

For most young people, the transition from childhood to adulthood is paved with emotional, psychological, physical and social conflicts.  They become worried and curious about the changes in their bodies and seek answers to their concerns about these new experiences.  Many-a-times, parents do not discuss these issues as they find them embarrassing, and hence young people rely on their peers for information, thus many-a-times receiving wrong or inadequate information.  This document has been designed to provide young people with accurate information regarding the physical growth and development, consequences of early marriages and early pregnancy, and the sexual and reproductive rights.  Pubertal changes like menstruation, nightfall in boys, secondary sexual characteristics like breast development, body hair, gain in weight etc, have also been discussed.  It has been prepared in the form of illustrated stories and in ‘comic’ style, so as to make it interesting and easily understandable by the adolescents.


Review of Policies and Programmes - Focusing Young People Reproductive and Sexual Health with special reference to Early Marriage and Early Pregnancy--State of Rajasthan

 This document is a review of policies and programmes relevant to young people’s reproductive and sexual health and rights. This review is an integral part of an ongoing project—An action Approach for Reduction of Early Marriage and Pregnancy among Young People in Rajasthan (2002-2005).  The aim of the project is to create an enabling environment for young peoples’ reproductive and sexual health and rights with a special focus on early marriage and early pregnancy.

The review focuses on the policies (state and central) and also programmes (both government and non-government) which address the issues and concerns of young peoples’ reproductive and sexual health and rights in general and early marriage and early pregnancy in particular.  The findings would help strengthen the advocacy and intervention efforts made at community, block, district and state level for the prevention of early marriage and early pregnancy.   


Pragmatic Approach for sustainable Adolescent Health and Development

This review represents few exercises carried out in India in connection with AHD programmes and their assessment of the eighteen month programme interventions on AHD issues under the project ‘Capacity building of NGOs for achieving optimum level of Adolescent Health and Development’. The AHD issues were integrated with other development programmes by selected NGOs without diluting their identity. This observation has become a facilitating factor for all partner NGOs to take up issues of adolescence and development activities. Learning experiences of project interventions derived some functional strategies to sustain the AHD perspectives at different levels such as: organisation, programme design, community and policy.


Positive Voices- exploring vulnerabilities and understanding AIDS

Positive Voices is a comprehensive compendium of cases that attempts at unfolding the issues and constraints confronting community based care and support (CBCS) programme. This institutional effort reflects the voices of people living with HIV and the debilitating effect that such an infection has on their total span of life. This intensive study of life experiences and voices of positive people have been put forward in such a manner that the text vividly describes as to what it means to be a PLHA (People Living with AIDS).  It is a holistic approach of understanding convincing that qualitative research efforts are rewarding the extent to which they help researcher to dive deep into the lives of people and present an objective understanding.


YOUNG PEOPLE...AN INVESTMENT FOR THE FUTURE
This advocacy kit on young people is an attempt to highlight their needs and concerns. There has been a growing realization of this group as special but still efforts are required to promote and protect their health and development. The kit urges the stakeholders to play a pro-active role for understanding and addressing young people's needs. This kit also highlights some of the key issues of Education retention. Early marriage and early pregnancy.

Economics of addressing Youth in India

Every nation faces the problem of integrating its adolescents and young adults in the mainstream society. The continuity and validity of a nation depends upon how well young people are incorporated into its social, political and economic institutions. Population consisting of youth, women and children, constitute strategic components of human resources whose development is a prime pre-requisite for growth and progress in vital sectors of the economy and the society.

 

This paper is sixth in the series of Working Papers addressing adolescent and youth health and development issues and is intended to generate discussion and debate on the economics of addressing youth development in the country. It looks into various existing government policies and programmes in the areas of employment, education, population and health


Sexual Violence and Young People: The Human Rights Approach
This working paper, 5th in the series of working papers being developed under the Information Centre explores the issue of sexual violence and young people.  It deals with various issues concerning young people, particularly their reproductive and sexual health and rights.  It looks into the issue of violence and focuses on sexual violence.  The paper also presents the actual incidence of sexuality-related violence and its implications for the young people, and the rights framework is elaborated upon and its value for understanding and dealing with the issues of violence in developing countries has been brought out.

Media and Young People
This working paper examines the role of media in addressing the reproductive and sexual health concerns and rights of the young people in India. The scope of the review is limited to mass media- both print and electronic. The objectives of the paper are, to access the relevance of media in the life of the young people in the country; to estimate the current trends in the media and its contents with reference to sexuality and young people; to determine the media reach, access and habit of the young people and to discuss the risks and explore the potential of the mass media to reach out to more young people with information on sexual and reproductive health in the current Indian legal, social, political and economic environment.

Sexual Behaviour Among Adolescents and Young People in India, Some Emerging Trends- Working Paper Series 3

In India, the adolescent population is about 200 million consisting about one-fifth of the country's total population. there are varied concerns that relate to adolescents that impact on their health and development. Sexual activity among adolescents and young people and the associated risks of pregnancy is growing in magnitude in many parts of the world. In recent years, especially in the second half of 1990s there has been an increasing concern and rapid increase in the intervention research on youth sexuality and sexual behaviour. Yet, with special reference to Indian context, comparatively less is know about the sexual behaviour of the general population and that of the oung people in particular. In the absence of data there is limited understanding on young people's sexual behaviour and its positive and negative outcomes.

This paper is third in the series of working papers being developed under the Information Centre on young people's issues. The information centre is a key strategy of the programme on Young People's Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (YRSHR) being undertaken by the organisation that includes three other strategies of Phased Intervention, Networking and Advocacy.


Reproductive Tract Infections & Sexually Transmitted Infections
The paper addresses reproductive tract infection and sexually transmitted infections. With an introduction that emphasizes the importance of a good understanding of these issues and the particular vulnerability of young people especially in the country and regional contexts. It includes causes, modes of transmission, consequences, management and treatment of RTI/STI. Available prevalence rates are also discussed. The paper strongly brings out the socio-cultural context and the role of economic factors. On the basis of the discussion on the above areas, it seeks to address policy and programme implications. While briefly examining the existing policies and programmes, it concludes by making specific programme recommendations.

ADOLESCENT GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
This working paper is first in the series of working papers being developed on young people's issues. This paper brings together three important adolescent issues - their physical growth, psychosocial development and normal versus abnormal development, which are of primary concern to the adolescent themselves as well as their parents and health care providers. The paper also tries to identify some of the information gaps existing in this field that could give the readers a future direction for further research.

Peer Education

Peer Education seeks to utilize the positive aspects of young people’s peer groups by enabling them to learn from one another- something they do naturally anyway. Increasingly the Peer Education approach is being used to facilitate delivery of messages and acceptance in adolescent programmes and activities. This handbook, which is third in the series of YSRHR-related issues focuses primarily on the genesis and synthesis of Peer Education. The aim is to give users access to wealth of experience and resource that exist in the field. This document attempts to synthesize various experiences (including our own) and offer guidelines to programme designers and implementers to learn and possibly to adopt/ adapt those strategies that exhibit the potential to succeed in their settings.

 

Hindi: Humjoli Shikshan


Training Manual on Youth Friendly Services

The manual on Youth Friendly Services aims to address the needs of young people to access information on issues of sexual and reproductive health and rights and attempts to encompass a wide range of issues on the same. It also provides step- by- step approaches that can be adopted for transmitting knowledge and inculcating positive attitudes about various concerns surrounding young people. The manual encompasses information on the concepts, goals, components and guiding principles on Youth Friendly Services. The end user will be individuals or organisations wanting to establish these services or re-adapt existing services to cater to young people. The main manual is supplemented by supplementary reading material collated and collected from diverse sources.

 

Hindi: Prashikshan Pustak: Yuva Maitripurna Sevayein evam Paramarsh   


SEXUALITY AND GENDER & YOUNG PEOPLE

This training manual, a unique initiative at MAMTA has been designed to guide the facilitator in imparting appropriate knowledge that will help develop positive attitudes among adolescents about sexuality and gender issues. The approach to the usage of the manual is well delineated with illustrations. Also, the manual includes a supplementary reading booklet to provide the user with a complete scientific background of the contentsUnderstanding of issues ranging from Anatomy of the reproductive organs, HIV/AIDS, Unintended pregnancy & abortion and many more are all compiled together giving a holistic view of "Sexuality".

A revised second edition of the manual and supplementary reading has also been brought out incorporating issues like Sexual Diversities and more updated information on abortion, contraception, HIV/AIDS etc. The revised edition is available in English, Hindi & Bengali.  Telugu version will be published very soon.    


DIRECTORY OF NON GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS WORKING WITH THE YOUNG PEOPLE

The objective of the directory is to create a database of organisations, which are working with the adolescent, with a special focus on health and related development issues.  It consists of a state-wise listing of organisations.  The directory also brings out the district-wise distribution of organisations working with adolescents’ health and development, which is reflected in the corresponding states maps also.  The information has been presented in a uniform format, mentioning their status, major activities, issues addressed and geographical coverage and target group covered besides the address.

 

 

 

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